Agra is the city of the Taj Mahal, in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, about 200 km from Delhi.
Agra has three UNESCO World Heritage sites
, that is Taj Mahal, Agra Fort in the city and Fatehpur Sikri nearby.
There are also many other buildings and tombs from Agra’s days of glory as the capital of the Mughal Empire. There is a great architectural heritage in Agra, It was also the capital city of Sikander Lodhi who was defited by Babur in year of 1526 in first war of Panipat. It was Babur who built the first monument in Agra named Gul-E-Afghan (Arama Baagh). During the rule of Akbar (1556 to 1605 A.D.) Agra earned fame all over the world and was counted one of the great and beautiful cities of Medival India.
The Great Muhagl Emperor Akbar constructed many beautiful buildings. In the premises of famous Fatehpur Sikri and Agra Fort during his rule. World famous Taj Mahal was constructed by Shahjahan in the sweet memory of his beloved queen Mumtaj Mahal.
Agra is a city that is still associated with the memorable Mughal period. In the Mughal period, in the 16th & 17th centuries, Agra was the capital of India. The city has lots of monuments that epitomize the high point of Mughal architecture. Even the most modern areas of the town, such as the cantonment, date back over a hundred years. Agra is home to a number of the world famous monuments that are an epitome of expert craftsmanship & timeless beauty, & naturally the crowning glory being the Taj Mahal.
This is the pride of this city is set around a Charbagh, built in white marble it is the enduring monument of love.
One of the famous tourist places near Taj Mahal, India, is the Agra Fort. Situated near Taj Mahal, it was constructed by the Emperor Akbar in the year 1565. However, numerous additions were carried on in this fort, till the time of Shah Jahan. A beautiful example of Mughal architecture made up of entirely of red sandstone, it is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Akbar’s Tomb, Sikandra
The tomb of Akbar, situated at Sikandra, is the last resting place of the Mughal Emperor, Akbar the Great and is only 13 km from the Agra Fort. The architectural style of this tomb is quite different from almost all the other tombs of the Mughals. This pyramidal tomb was completed by Akbar’s son Jahangir in the year 1613 and has the 99 names of Allah inscribed on it.
The deserted city of Fatehpur Sikri is situated near Agra. Constructed by Mughal Emperor Akbar, it was completed in the year 1584. Located 35 Km from Agra, it is one-of-its-kind city and is counted amongst the most majestic cities of the Mughal Empire. It’s also one of three UNESCO World Heritage Sites situated in Agra, other two being Taj Mahal and Agra Fort.
Noor Jahan, the wife of Jahangir, got the Itmad-ud-Daulah’s tomb constructed in between 1622 and 1628 AD. It was constructed in the memory of her father Ghiyas-ud-Din Beg. Located on the left bank of river Yamuna, the tomb is an opulent structure and is considered to be an antecedent of the Taj Mahal because of its intricate carvings and inlay work.
About 2.5 km from Taj Mahal and less than 1 km away from Agra Fort is located one of the four ancient temples dedicated to Lord Shiva that stand on each corner of the Agra city. It is surrounded by the markets of the Mughal era gone by.
Build by Babur in 1528, Ram Bagh is the oldest Mughal garden in India. Located on the banks of river Yamuna, less than 3 km away from Taj Mahal, it was designed so that the wind from the river coupled with greenery would help maintain cool during the peak summer days. The original name of this garden was Aram Bagh or the Garden of Relaxation.
Swami Bagh Samadhi
Swami Bagh Samadhi, the construction of which started more than a century ago in 1904, continues till date. It is often touted as the next Taj Mahal, as a colorful combination of marbles and carvings in stone that are believed to be not seen anywhere in India. The monument holds the ashes of Huzur Swamiji Maharaj or Sri Shiv Dayal Singh Seth.
The holy city of Vrindavan, situated near Agra, is one of the most revered pilgrimages in India of the Hindus. The city is very closely associated with Lord Krishna and is said to house as many as 4,000 temples, dedicated to Him.
Other popular nearby attractions include Jama Masjid, built for Shah Jahan’s daughter; Guru ka Tal, a holy place of worship for Sikhs; Chini Ka Rauza, dedicated to Prime Minister of Shah Jahan; Mariam’s Tomb, wife of Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great; Mehtab Bagh, a moonlit garden and Keetham Lake.
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